Tag Archives: Leadership

Cannae? Yes, you can!

This is the story of the Battle of Cannae, which more than two millennia after it happened, remains the benchmark for leadership and tactics!

Leadership and tactics – qualities as important in war as they are in the modern boardroom!

The battle was fought between the Romans and the Carthaginians in 216 BC and was part of the Second Punic War. The Roman Empire was one of the greatest empires – in terms of reach and impact – in the history of the world. On the opposite side was Carthage, led by Hannibal. Hannibal would go down in history as one of the greatest generals ever, and he proved that in Cannae, when he defeated a mighty Roman army, solely relying on superior tactics and leadership.

The Romans outnumbered the Carthaginian troops, almost two to one, were better equipped and armoured and they fought the battle in their preferred terrain, an open filed. The Carthaginians however had better and more cavalry. The Romans relied on numbers, as they always had and were burdened by the opposing views of their two generals.

The Carthaginians, meanwhile, had one absolute leader, Hannibal. And Hannibal was an amazing tactician. He placed his cavalry on the wings, and had a thin inviting infantry line in the centre. He had a river on one side, that made sure that he couldn’t be flanked from that wing. And he faced away from the morning sun and wind direction, ensuring that Romans had to deal with both the sun and the dust blowing in the wind. And finally, he was right in the front-line himself, leading his troops. A risky manoeuvre otherwise but important for this plan.

When the battle commenced, he tempted the Romans to charge straight at his centre and when they did, he coordinated his planned and organised retreat – making it seem as if the Romans were gaining ground – but not losing formation. Meanwhile, his better cavalry charged and decimated the Roman cavalry, who were left without infantry support. Before the Romans realised, they had walked into a trap. The retreating centre of Hannibal’s army had formed a semi-circle, the flanks pivoted and enveloped the sides and the cavalry, free from decimating their Roman counterpart, came back and attacked from the rear. The entire Roman army was trapped in a Carthaginian circle and annihilated.

Remember Jon Snow fighting Ramsay in Game of Thrones? It was a direct lift from Cannae!

Hannibal had inferior numbers, resources and equipment but won so comprehensively that according to estimates, Rome lost about twenty percent of her adult male population in that battle. This is a testament to his leadership, resourcefulness and tactics and a shining example for leaders and tacticians of the future!


The Elon Musk Leadership Model: 3 Key Steps To Building Radical Brand Evangelism

This article originally appeared on Forbes and is written by Simon Mainwaring

Last week, Elon Musk unveiled the much-anticipated Tesla Model 3, which is set for release in 2017 at a starting price of $35,000. Much has been written about the car itself, encompassing everything from its affordable price point to its standard autopilot feature. Yet perhaps the most impressive feature of the launch is not the car, but its future drivers.

After only five days, Tesla has racked up over 275,000 pre-orders – a staggering number outright when you consider the audacity of launching a car that is yet to be built or driven by potential buyers. Yet the reputation of the brand and its driver-friendly marketing strategies — including a $1,000 refundable deposit — has ushered in a new generation of drivers inspired to revolutionize the auto industry at the side of Elon Musk.

The Model 3’s success began with the introduction of the Tesla brand itself over 10 years ago. Rather than merely launch a revolutionary auto brand, Musk was very clear that the mission of Tesla was ‘to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport.’ In fact, he (not so secretly) shared his ‘Master Plan’ in a blog post on August 2, 2006:

  1. Build sports car
  1. Use that money to build an affordable car
  1. Use that money to build an even more affordable car
  1. While doing above, also provide zero emission electric power generation options
  1. Don’t tell anyone

This “Master Plan” has unfolded before our eyes, but not without course corrections along the way. Initially, Musk intended to protect Tesla’s valuable battery technology IP, as you would expect any automaker to do. But on reflection in the context of his stated mission, Musk wrote: “Tesla Motors was created to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport. If we clear a path to the creation of compelling electric vehicles, but then lay intellectual property landmines behind us to inhibit others, we are acting in a manner contrary to that goal. Tesla will not initiate patent lawsuits against anyone who, in good faith, wants to use our technology.”

Musk changed his mind in response to undeniable facts that would increasingly affect all of humanity. As Musk stated, ‘“I don’t think people quite appreciate the gravity of what is going on [with regard to global warming] or just how much inertia the climate has. We really need to do something. It would be short-sighted if we try to hold these things close to our vest.”

With that decision, Musk demonstrated that Tesla is a mission with a company, not a company with a mission. And, in doing so, he set the standard for next gen marketing that leverages social technologies to build an effective movement, rather than launch a brand or product. Let’s examine the three keys steps he took to achieve this:

  1. Inspire A Movement: By defining the brand around a higher purpose and the socially-conscious values that it shares with a growing number of drivers, Musk ensured from the outset that his marketing would cut through the clutter of typical auto industry advertising. This purpose allowed Musk to make counter-intuitive decisions, such as his infinity mile warranty, partnerships with other auto brands and opening his intellectual property, to ignite both consumer loyalty and earned media. It also allowed him to accelerate growth without utilizing more traditional avenues, such as a national advertising campaign or a chief marketing officer, by educating drivers and fans about the role they can play as brand ambassadors in the movement. This strategy was used to powerful effect when they announced their referral program through which existing drivers are rewarded for inspiring purchases by their friends.
  1. Elevate the Brand: The Tesla Model S did more than just make the concept of a performance electric vehicle a reality—it inspired Tesla to make electric vehicles as desirable as the most high performance incumbents, and elevated the brand in the process. This not only sent competitors scrambling to justify their respective merits on both performance and efficiency terms, but it pigeon-holed them as old-tech gas guzzlers in the growing debate around the need for alternative fuel vehicles. In doing so, Musk drew a stark line between the past and the future, between fear and hope, between powerlessness and power of consumers to make a difference through their purchases, especially one as important as what car to drive. By launching the brand with a model that married higher purpose with both performance and safety excellence, Musk turned the existing industry on its head by claiming the aspirational high ground of tomorrow’s driver.
  1. Democratize The Impact: Out of this earlier disruption comes an even more seismic opportunity with the Model 3 launch. Affordable enough to make mass sustainable transportation possible, Musk’s latest car can radically disrupt the entrenched automotive industry. In short, Musk has enlisted a legion of future drivers – many of whom waited patiently for hours in unprecedented lines to hand over their Model 3 deposits – in the service of the Tesla mission. As competitors now rush to bring electric vehicles to market, they will have to compete with this first mover advantage and profound personal commitment to rewriting our shared future.

With all this in mind, we can see that Elon Musk did far more than launch the Model 3 last week; he executed another critical stage of his “Master Plan” and movement to both lead and make sustainable mass transportation possible. And it all began with a clear articulation, and commitment, to his original purpose and mission. Tesla’s socially-conscious philosophy has proven vital to both its growth as a brand, and the explosive success of the Model 3. It’s also why “Step 5″ in his plan is only half meant in jest – why would Musk need to tell anyone about what he is doing when his legion of drivers will do it for him?